How does a pool vacuum work? Differences and types of cleaning

Often people buy houses that have a swimming pool in the yard. It’s practical and pretty. However, you need to clean the entire pool, so it is advisable to install special vacuum cleaners. You can find more details about how a pool vacuum works in this article.

Woman Worker clean private swimming pool with a vacuum cleaner
Woman Worker clean private swimming pool with a vacuum cleaner

The need to use a vacuum pool cleaner

Before determining how a pool vacuum work, you must understand why you need to install such equipment. As you know, all pools have a filtration system. It helps to purify water only from dirt. And then only if the water passes through the filter.

That is why leaves, large debris, and sand can accumulate at the bottom of the pool. This leads to the fact that, over time, it loses its beauty. For this reason, it is advisable to supplement the filtration system with special vacuum cleaners that remove large debris.

The principle of operation of the vacuum cleaner for the pool

For a pool vacuum cleaner to work, a system of filters is required. First, it has a pool pump that sucks up water. It then passes the water through various filters. In the end, the water is fed back into the pool thanks to the inlets and waterfalls.

Many people ask, how does pool vacuum work for above-ground pool? If you plan to vacuum the pool, the water is drawn directly through the skimmer.

Hook the pool vacuums

Many people ask, how do you hook up a vacuum to a pool? First, it is necessary to connect a special hose connected to the vacuum head on a long stand. Then, water is sucked through the nozzle from the bottom of the reservoir. After that, The nozzle moves throughout the pool.

Finally, the filter system removes the dirt. All the dirt accumulates in the vacuum nozzle. Thanks to this, water immediately flows into the pool.

Differences in different types of cleaning

As you know, there are several ways to clean the pool floor. This can be done manually, as well as using an automatic pool cleaner or robotic pool cleaner. We describe each method in more detail below.

Manual cleaning

You have to work on your own. First, you manually attach all the details and move the manual pool vacuum along the bottom. After that, the dirt enters the pool’s filtration system. When all work is completed, you have to shut down the system and return all the elements to their places.

The method with automatic pool cleaners

You need to prepare yourself. However, an automatic pool cleaner is required instead of a nozzle. While the automatic pool cleaner cleans the bottom of the pool itself, you can go about your business.

In the end, you have to turn off all the details and, just in case, flush the filter.

You can use different types of automatic pool cleaners. For example, it is possible to install a suction-side pool cleaner. Others need to be attached to the pool jet.

The method with a robotic pool cleaner

For these purposes, a robot vacuum cleaner is used. Many people wonder how does a robot vacuum work in a pool? You need to lower the water, connect it to the outlet, and leave it until the end of the cleaning. The robotic pool cleaner has artificial intelligence, so it returns to places that have been missed.

At the end of the work, you have to get the device out of the water and clean the filter. There are different types of robotic pool cleaners on the market.

Automatic cleaners

When such automatic pool cleaners first appeared on the market, they performed one function – they agitated the garbage to get to the skimmer and main drain. Today, automatic pool cleaners are more functional because they can suck garbage into themselves.

There are several types of automatic pool cleaners. These can be robotic pool cleaners, pressure and suction devices. Every kind of automatic pool cleaner has its advantages and disadvantages. That is why you should decide in advance on your preferences.

Particular attention you should pay to the type of the entire pool. Suppose it is made of vinyl film or is above ground. In that case, you have to select compatible automatic pool cleaners for this.

Robotic pool cleaners

For pool cleaning, specialized companies often use a completely independent pool pump and filter system that does not need to be connected. In addition, because the cleaner is autonomous, it does not consume a lot of pressure, which positively affects savings.

Various robotic pool cleaners on the market differ in their capabilities. Some models need to be thrown into the water, and they do their job on their own. The device moves along the bottom of the pool and cleans it.

Compact brushes and vacuum pressure are used for this. This allows you to remove various kinds of pollution, even large debris and algae.

You can find high-quality devices that can independently move along the walls and climb under the stairs. Some options can scan the pool to find the optimal path. They are also studying the regular cleaning procedure.

If you find a robot that differs in the additional cycles of quick and deep cleaning, it is easier for you to decide the need for cleaning. It is enough to install the device when cleaning is required. As soon as it is carried out, the device is removed.

The pluses of vacuum cleaners robots

The main advantages are:

  • lack of the need for fastening to the pool;
  • small energy consumption;
  • universality. Devices clean all types of garbage.

Pressure cleaners

If the water is pushed out and rolled into the pool through a “return”, it creates the necessary power for the cleaner’s work. You can also work through the return that feeds to the filter pump. You can do this through an independent line, which is also called a booster pump.

Regardless of the selected model, the basics are identical. Through the pressure of water and several ports, the garbage mixes, run the cleaner and absorb garbage. High pressure is used to operate the booster pool pump. The possibility of working on the timer is not excluded.

This allows you to completely clean the pool automatically. Yes, such devices are high, and operating them is pretty expensive. Some owners of pools leave the device in the pond, even when they swim. However, it is important to remember the need to clean the garbage bag.

Benefits of pressure pools

The main advantages of cleaners for pressure pools are:

  • stability to clogging;
  • removal of large garbage;
  • the ability to work on the timer, which facilitates the operation process.

Cleaners for suction pools

Based on the name, it is clear that the devices only work on the suction side of the cleaning equipment. Connection is carried out to a skimmer or a special line for absorption. They work around the reservoir. They collect garbage and direct it along the filtration system.

The movement of the vacuum cleaner along the reservoir is carried out because water is absorbed through it. First, you need to connect the hose. As soon as everything is connected, the device moves automatically, however, randomly. There are different options for devices that differ in design and functionality.

Similar devices are the most economical cleaners. Many parts move in them. Over time, all the details need replacement. It is essential to regularly clean the filter because the devices depend on it.

Pros of vacuum cleaners for suction pools

The main advantages of pool vacuums are:

  • work in combination with a filtration system;
  • allow you to save on further operation;
  • have a template movement, which contributes to the better purification of the pool.

Manual vacuum cleaners

It makes sense to buy manual vacuum cleaners if you need to constantly serve a vacuum cleaner. However, a manual approach is often required. For example, if there is a thunderstorm or sandstone on the street, much different garbage falls into the water. You can cope with it using a manual vacuum cleaner.

Their main components are a vacuum head, hose, and telescopic bar. The hose must be connected to a vacuum nozzle. On the other hand, it requires fastening to a pipe of water fence located on a skimmer.

As soon as the head plunges into the water and touches the bottom, the hose begins to fill with water, creating absorption.

Due to this, the head is tightly fixed to the bottom or walls, providing reliable cleaning.

The advantages of manual pool vacuums

The main advantages of pool vacuums are:

  • removing persistent algae;
  • point cleaning if you plan to swim or party;
  • low cost.


When working with robotic, automatic pool cleaners, many questions arise. The answers to the most popular question about devices for the swimming pool we present below.

Where does the water go when you use the automatic pool cleaner?

The answer is simple if you are interested in where the water goes when you vacuum a pool. Water circulation is carried out through a filter and a sewer system. After filtration, the water again enters the pool.


As you can see, there are different vacuum cleaners for cleaning the swimming pool. The choice depends on your skills, needs, and region of residence.

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